Soldiers of the Great War

(1914-1918)

Introduction
On Sunday, 28 June 1914 the Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife Sophie were assassinated in Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip, a Bosnian Serb nationalist. This incident lit the fuse that started the Great War. In what is probably one of history's most momentous events, the Archduke's chauffeur had missed his turn and driven the car down the wrong street right by the point where the would-be assassin just happened to be standing.

This event merely precipitated a conflict between the major European powers, which by then had already become inevitable. The main causes were the aspirations, fears and misunderstandings of Britain, France, Russia and Germany. All of them, in their different ways, considered that their vital interests were threatened.

Austria-Hungary blamed Serbia for the assassination and attacked on Tuesday, 28 July 1914. Russia came to the assistance of Serbia and Germany to that of Austria-Hungary. Germany then declared war on France because it was Russia's ally and Britain declared war on Germany when it invaded Belgium and Luxembourg on its advance towards Paris. Consequently, the date when the Great War (World War One) actually started was the 28 July 1914, although Britain was not involved for another seven days when Germany violated Belgian neutrality.

The British declaration of war on Germany was on Tuesday, 04 August 1914 at 23:00 (11:00pm, midnight in Berlin) and it ended 4 years and 99 days later with an Armistice, which came into effect on Monday, 11 November 1918 at 11:00 (11:00am).

At the Paris Peace Conference in 1919, the Treaty of Versailles ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied Powers. It was signed on Saturday, 28 June 1919, five years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The negotiations took place in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles. The treaty became effective on Saturday, 10 January 1920 following its ratification by the governments concerned, namely: Germany (Central Power), France, British Empire, Italy, United States of America and Japan (Allied Powers). Other treaties resulting from the Paris Peace Conference were: St Germain (Austria), Trianon (Hungary), Neuilly (Bulgaria) and Sèvres (Turkey/Turkish Empire), all Central Powers. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was a separate treaty signed on the 3 March 1918 between the new Soviet Government of Russia and the Central Powers.

The Royal British Legion » National Memorial Arboretum, Alrewas, Staffordshire

Abridged Timeline of the Great War

Fri, 19 April 1839
The Treaty of London was signed. Under the terms of this treaty the European powers recognised and guaranteed the independence and neutrality of Belgium and confirmed the independence of the German-speaking part of Luxembourg. Article VII required Belgium to remain perpetually neutral and by implication committed the signatory powers to guard that neutrality in the event of invasion. The treaty was between Great Britain, Austria, France, Prussia and Russia on the one part and Belgium on the other. The Plenipotentiaries who signed the treaty were:
    Lord Palmerston, British Foreign Secretary.
    Senfft von Pilsach, Austrian Minister.
    H. Sebastiani, French Minister.
    Gabriele von Bulow, Prussian Minister
    Carlo Andrea Pozzo di Borgo, Russian Diplomat.
    Sylvan van de Weyer, Belgium Ambassador to Britain.
On Tue, 4 August 1914 the German Chancellor, Theobald von Bethmann-Hollweg, described the Treaty of London as “a scrap of paper” in his final meeting with the British Ambassador to Germany, Sir Edward Goschen.
Sun, 28 June 1914
In Sarajevo, Bosnia, Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand who was the heir presumptive to the Austro-Hungarian throne. The assassination of the Archduke started the Great War and the unparalleled carnage that was to follow.
Tue, 28 July 1914
The Great War effectively commenced when Austria-Hungary attacked Serbia but Britain was not involved for another seven days.
Sat, 1 August 1914
Germany declared war on Russia.
Mon, 3 August 1914
Germany declared war on France.
Tue, 4 August 1914 at 23:00 (11:00pm, midnight in Berlin)
Britain declared war on Germany because of its violation of Belgian neutrality under the terms of the Treaty of London of 1839. The Foreign Secretary, Sir Edward Grey, commented that, “The lamps will go out all over Europe, we shall not see them lit again in our lifetime.
Fri, 7 August 1914
The British Expeditionery Force (BEF) crossed to France to try and halt the German advance as they implemented their Schlieffen Plan. A series of battles ensued, collectively known as the Battle of Frontiers.
Fri, 21 August 1914
L/14196 Private John Parr of the 4th Battalion, Middlesex Regiment is believed to be the first British casualty of the war. He was buried in the St Symphorien Military Cemetery in Belgium. Grave Ref. I.A.10.
Sat, 22 August 1914
Japan declared war on Germany.
Sun, 23 August 1914 - Mon, 24 August 1914
Battle of MonsThis was the first major action of the BEF where attempts were made to hold the line of the Mons-Condè Canal against the advancing German First Army. The German Army was stronger and the BEF was forced to begin its long retreat from Mons, which ended on Sat, 5 September 1914. During the retreat the BEF acquired the nickname ‘The Old Contemptibles’.

The British 4th Division, under the command of Major General Thomas D’Oyly Snow, arrived at the front on Tue, 25th August 1914, and it was ordered to establish defensive positions at Le Cateau-Cambrésis. On the following day the Battle of Le Cateau was fought during which the 4th Division was overwhelmed.

The 1914 Star, also known as the Mons Star, was awarded for military service in France and Belgium between Wed, 5 August 1914 and midnight on Sun, 22 November 1914. That is, from Britain’s original participation in the war until the final day of the First Battle of Ypres.
Fri, 28 August 1914
Battle of Heligoland BightThis was the first naval engagement of the war and it took place in the south-eastern North Sea when the British attacked German patrols off the north-west coast of Germany. The British had one light cruiser heavily damaged with 35 fatalities and the Germans lost six ships with 712 fatalities.
Thu, 29 October 1914
Turkey entered the war on the side of the Central Powers.
Mon, 21 December 1914
The first German air raid on Britain occurred.
Sat, 25 April 1915 - Sun, 9 January 1916
Gallipoli CampaignThe invasion of the Gallipoli Peninsular in the Dardanelles, Turkey, was a great disaster for the Allies. High casualty rates from enemy action and disease eventually precipitated a complete withdrawal. However, there was no loss of life during the evacuation of Sulva Bay and Anzac Cove on Tue, 19 December 1915 - Wed, 20 December 1915 or during the evacuation of Helles on Sat, 8 January - Sun 9 January 1916.
Fri, 7 May 1915
Loss of the Cunard liner RMS LusitaniaThe Lusitania was torpedoed and sunk by a German U-boat and of the 1,959 people on board, 1,198 died, including 128 Americans. This event angered Americans and hastened the entrance of the United States into the war. Lusitania was sunk about 11 miles from the Old Head of Kinsale lighthouse, Ireland. She had sailed from New York on the 1 May 1915 bound for Liverpool.
Sat, 25 September 1915 – Mon, 18 October 1915
Battle of Loos This British offensive consisted of six divisions and after considerable success on the first day the momentum was lost because reserves were held too far away to exploit the early success. Subsequently, it became mired as a battle of attrition with only minor gains. This battle is notable for the first use of poison gas by the British Army. Casualties were high with the British losing 50,000 and the Germans 25,000.
Mon, 21 February 1916 - Wed, 20 December 1916
Battle of Verdun At 304 days long this was the longest battle of the war. It was between the German and French armies and it took place on the hills north of Verdun-sur-Meuse in north-eastern France. Firstly, the German Fifth Army attacked the defences of the Région Fortifiée de Verdun and those of the Second Army, garrisoned on the right bank of the river Meuse, planned to quickly capture the Côtes de Meuse, from which Verdun could be overlooked and bombarded with artillery fire. The German strategy was intended to provoke the French into attacking them in an attempt to drive them off the heights. The Germans captured ground early in the battle but the French contained the German advance and were able to recapture much of the lost territory towards the end of 1916.
Wed, 31 May 1916 - Thu, 1 June 1916
Battle of Jutland This was the only major naval battle of the war. The British lost 14 ships with over 6,000 casualties while the Germans lost 9 ships with over 2,500 casualties. The Germans claimed victory but the German fleet was never again in a position to put to sea in order to challenge the Royal Navy in the North Sea.

J/42563 Boy 1st Class John 'Jack' Travers Cornwell was posthmously awarded the Victoria Cross for remaining at his post at the forward gun of HMS Chester during the battle. He was 16-years old.

One ship that took part in the battle has survived and she is HMS Caroline. She is a C-class light cruiser and she is now moored in perpetuity in Alexandra Dock, Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Sat, 24 June 1916 - Fri, 30 June 1916
British and French Forces began a seven day artillery bombardment of the German front line on the Somme, which was a prelude to the Battle of the Somme that commenced on Sat, 1 July 1916.
Sat, 1 July 1916 at 07:30 (7:30am) – Sat, 18 November 1916
Battle of the Somme This battle epitomised the horrors of trench warfare. By the end of the first day 19,240 British soldiers had lost their lives and the number of casualties, killed and wounded, was 57,470. When the battle finally ended after 141 days there had been more than a million casualties on both sides. During the battle the Allies gained about five miles of land.

At zero hour whistles were blown and troops scrambled up ladders to go over the top. There was no running, instead they were ordered to walk across No Man’s Land towards the enemy front line. They were met with an enfilade of relentless machine gun fire and thousands of men were cut down in minutes. During this battle Lord Kitchener’s Volunteer Army was virtually wiped out and British military historians have described it as ‘the death of an army’.

The purpose of this battle was to relieve the French at the Battle of Verdun (21 February - 20 December 1916) where they were experiencing severe losses. The Allied High Command decided to attack the Germans and other Central Powers (Austria-Hungary and Bulgaria) at the Somme, north of Verdun, by means of a series of large combined strikes in different locations and in so doing cause the Germans to move some troops from the Verdun battlefield to the Somme battlefield.
Fri, 15 September 1916
The first British tanks went into action during the Battle of Flers-Courcelette, which was a subsidiary action during the Battle of the Somme. 49 tanks were made available for the offensive but only 15 of them were able to participate in the action because of their unreliability.
Fri 6 April 1917
The USA declared war on Germany.
Mon 9 April 1917 - Thu, 12 April 1917
Battle of Arras The Battle of Vimy Ridge was the most crucial part of the Battle of Arras. Vimy Ridge is nine miles long and it extends from the valley of the Scarpe in front of Arras to the valley of the Souchez. As it was of strategic importance it was captured by the Germans in October 1914. The Allied High Command considered that its recapture was essential and accordingly the Germans were removed from their trenches in a sequence of concentrated attacks by Canadian troops. It was during this battle that these troops distinguished themselves for their bravery and skill in recapturing and holding the ridge for the Allies. During the offensive the Canadians suffered over 10,000 casualties.

The battle is notable for several advances in military expertise. A series of tunnels were dug, the purpose of which was twofold. Some tunnels were dug to provide cover for troops approaching the front line while others were dug below enemy trenches to allow mines to be placed below them. A creeping barrage of artillery fire was employed to give protection to troops as they crossed No Man’s Land towards the German trenches. The surveying technique of triangulation was used to establish the location of enemy gun emplacements so that they could be accurately shelled. By this method the location of a gun emplacement was calculated by the formation of a triangle having the gun emplacement point and two known points as the vertices of a triangle. The measurement of distance and direction of the gun emplacement was then made by the application of trigonometry. Spotter planes were also used to assist in this process with messages being transmitted from the planes to the ground using Morse code.
Thu, 7 June 1917 - Thu, 14 June 1917
Battle of Messines The British Second Army took the Messines – Wytschaete Ridges in an offensive preceded by the detonation of nineteen mines under Messines Ridge dug below German trenches. Two more failed to detonate, one of which exploded years afterwards during a thunderstorm. The blasts caused around 10,000 casualties and were heard in London. This battle was a prelude to the much larger Battle of Passchendaele.
Tue, 31 July 1917 at one hour before dawn - Sat, 10 November 1917
Battle of Passchendaele (Third Battle of Ypres) This battle, also known as the ‘Battle of Mud’, was one of appalling misery that resulted in some 250,000 British casualties and even more German casualties.

Passchendaele is considered to be one of the most important battles of the war because it held the line while the French recovered and the Americans settled in. This enabled the Allied Powers to bring the war to an end in 1918.
Tue, 20 November 1917 at 06:20 (6:30am) – Fri, 7 December 1917
Battle of CambraiThis was the first battle in which tanks were used en mass and in association with heavy artillery, air power and even cavalry. The town of Cambrai was important because it contained a strategic railhead as well as being close to the Hindenberg Line, an important German defensive position. On Mon, 3 December 1917 Field Marshal Douglas Haig gave the order for units still near Cambrai to begin withdrawing.
Fri, 7 December 1917
The USA declared war on Austria-Hungary.
Mon, 1 April 1918
The Royal Air Force (RAF), the world’s first independent air force, was founded by an amalgamation of the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Service.
Tue, 9 April 1918
The Germans started an offensive in Flanders, which was initially successful. However, on Mon, 15 July 1918 the Second Battle of the Marne started. The outcome of this battle was the collapse of the German armies and it ended on Tue, 6 August 1918 when it brought to an end the last German offensive of the war.
Thu, 8 August 1918 - Mon, 12 August 1918
Battle of Amiens This battle also became known as the “Hundred Days’ Offensive” as 100-days later the war ended. It was probably the first major battle involving armoured warfare and it marked the end of trench warfare. 580 tanks were used comprised of Mark V fighting tanks, Mark V ‘Star’ tanks and Medium Mark A Whippet tanks as well as a number of unarmed tanks used to transport supplies and ammunition forward.
Mon, 11 November 1918 at 05:10 (5:10am)
After negotiations, it was agreed that a ceasefire (Armistice) was to come into effect at 11:00am.
Mon, 11 November 1918 at 09:30 (9:30am)
L/12643 Private George Edwin Ellison of the 5th (Royal Irish) Lancers is believed to be the last British casualty of the war. He was buried in the St Symphorien Military Cemetery in Belgium. Grave Ref. I.B.23. The grave of Private George Edwin Ellison is near the grave of the first casualty, Private John Parr.
Mon, 11 November 1918 at 11:00 (11:00am)
The Armistice came into effect.
Sat, 28 June 1919
The Paris Peace Conference and the Treaty of Versailles The signing of this treaty ended the state of war between Germany (as well as the other Central Powers) and the Allied Powers. The negotiations took place in the Hall of Mirrors in the Palace of Versailles.
Sat, 19 July 1919
Peace Day This commemoration was held to mark the end of the Great War after the signing of the Treaty of Versailles.
Sat, 10 January 1920
The Treaty of Versailles became effective following its ratification by all the governments concerned.
No. 1220 Fighting Platoon of the 3/9th Battalion, Manchester Regiment. 10830 Private Nathan Marlor of Denton, Manchester, is on the third row from the front, second from the right.

Nathan Marlor enlisted on the 7 September 1914 and he served in France where he entered the theatre of war on the 8 November 1915. In February 1916 a gas shell affected his eyesight and on the 1 July 1916 he received gunshot wounds to his head and shoulder. After receiving hospital treatment in Lichfield he was posted back to France where he joined the 1/7th Battalion of the Manchester Regiment. He was then attached to the 126th Trench Mortar Brigade after which he joined the 1/10th Battalion where he received further injuries causing him to be transferred to the 8th Reserve Battalion and later to hospital for treatment. Finally, as a result of his injuries, he joined the 512th Home Service Company, Labour Corps, with 623821 as his new number. He served in the Labour Corps for the remainder of the war and was discharged on the 26 February 1919. He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, British Medal and Victory Medal.
Charles Edward Marlor enlisted with the Ashton Territorials (9th Battalion of the Manchester Regiment) on Saturday, 10 October 1914 and he was allocated service number, 2322. By Sunday, 5 December 1915 he had been promoted to the rank of Corporal.

He was posted to Egypt and his entry into a theatre of war was on Monday, 5 July 1915 and his medal card shows that this was Theatre 2b, which was the Balkans including the Gallipoli peninsular in Turkey. Following the allied withdrawal from Gallipoli at the end of 1915 he was posted to France.

At the beginning of 1917 Territorial soldiers were allocated new six-digit service numbers and his was 350735.

The War Diary of the 1/6th Battalion of the Manchester Regiment for February 1918 records that a draft of men were arriving from the 1/9th Battalion. It seem that the 1/9th and the 2/9th were merged and this produced a surplus of men who were transferred to the 6th Battalion. It must have been around this time (February 1918) that Charles Edward Marlor was transferred from the 9th to the 2/6th Battalion of the Manchester Regiment.

He was serving with the 2/6th Battalion when he was killed. The circumstances are that the Allied Fifth Army, of which the Manchester Regiment was a part, was driven back across the former Somme battlefields during March and April 1918.

Surviving records concerning his death conflict. His medal card states that he was killed in action between the 21 and 31 March 1918. In contrast to this, the Record of Soldiers who died in the Great War states that he died of wounds on the 26 March 1918. This conflicts with him having no known grave. This suggests two possibilities, the first being considered to be the most likely.
  1. He was killed in action, possibly on Thursday, 21 March 1918 when the German offensive began.
  2. He was wounded and taken to a dressing station where he was abandoned when the Allied Fifth Army was forced to retreat. When its position was overrun by the Germans he became a prisoner of war. While a prisoner, he died of his wounds and the Germans buried him without making records.
Either way, he has no known grave and consequently he is commemorated on the Pozieres Memorial, Somme, France. His official date of death is given as Tuesday, 26 March 1918.

He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, British Medal and Victory Medal.

Charles was the son of Edward Marlor and Catherine Corless of Denton, Manchester.
A group of Guardsmen serving with the Grenadier Guards.

Second from the right is 33474 Guardsman Samuel Marlor who was the son of Edward Marlor and Catherine Corless of Denton, Manchester. He survived the war.
33474 Guardsman Samuel Marlor serving with the Grenadier Guards.

He was awarded the British Medal and Victory Medal.
33870 Private Samuel Marlor who served with the Border Regiment and then with the Labour Corps.

He was awarded the British Medal and Victory Medal.

He was the son of Frank Marlor and Martha Harrison of Denton, Manchester, and he survived the war.
14959 (late B/916) Serjeant Thomas Callaghan MM of the 62nd Company, Machine Gun Corps (late of the Rifle Brigade).

He was the killed in action on the 7 October 1917, aged 38 years, and is buried in the Godewaersvelde British Cemetery, France.

He was awarded the Military Medal, 1914-15 Star, British Medal and Victory Medal.

At the outbreak of war he was a time-expired professional soldier who felt that it was his duty to re-join the army. During the interim he lived and worked in Denton, Manchester.

He was the son of Thomas and Catherine Callaghan and the husband of Mary A Callaghan. His brother, 2543 Private Edward Callaghan of the 1st Battalion, Manchester Regiment, died of his wounds in France on the 12 June 1915, aged 44 years, and is buried in La Gorgue Cemetery, France. He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, British Medal and Victory Medal.
T/577 Staff Serjeant John Kemp of the Royal Army Ordnance Corps.

He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, British Medal and Victory Medal.

He was the son of John Kemp and Fanny Buckley of Denton, Manchester, and he survived the war although wounded in the thigh by a German sniper.
70243 (then 1008305) Driver Frank Grimshaw who served with the Royal Field Artillery. He enlisted at Ashton-under-Lyne on the 9 January 1915 for 3-years Army Service and 9-years Reserve Service.

He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, British Medal and Victory Medal.

He survived the war and was discharged as physically unfit on the 8 April 1921.

He was the son of Charles Grimshaw and Ellen Campbell of Droylsden, Manchester.
4912 Private David Saxton of the 10th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers.

He was killed in action on the 27 June 1916, aged 32 years, and he is commemorated on the Thiepval Memorial, France.

He was awarded the British and Victory Medals.

He was the son of John James Saxton and Lydia Poxon of Two Trees Lane, Denton, Manchester. He lived on Grafton Street, Hyde, Cheshire, with his wife, Bertha Reece, and their two children.
7682 Private Harold Percy Saxton of the 2nd Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers.

He was wounded in action in November 1914 and he died 13 months and five days later in Netley Military Hospital (Royal Victoria Military Hospital) near Southampton on the 19 December 1915, aged 35 years. He is buried in Denton Cemetery.

He was awarded the 1914 Star (Mons Star) and Clasp, British Medal and Victory Medal. The bronze clasp (bar) was attached to the ribbon of the 1914 Star and it bore the inscription ‘5th Aug.-22nd Nov. 1914’. A silver rosette confirmed entitlement to this clasp when ribbons alone were worn. Recipients served under fire of the enemy in France and Belgium between the 5 August 1914 and midnight on the 22/23 November 1914.

At the outbreak of war he was a reservist professional soldier and in civilian life he worked in the drawing office of the engineering firm of Kendal and Ghent in Gorton.

He was the older brother of 4912 Private David Saxton. Another brother, Private John William Saxton, served with the Royal Garrison Artillery and he survived the war.
Front row, left to right: Three first cousins, Ronald Woolfenden, Frank Woolfenden and Edward Woolfenden.
Back row, left to right: Robert Schofield Hopwood Woolfenden, Joseph Woolfenden and James Henry Woolfenden.
The Woolfenden family of Dane Bank, Denton, were associated with J Woolfenden & Co, Silk & Felt Hat Manufacturers.

PS/5969 Private Ronald Woolfenden MM of the 20th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers.
He entered the theatre of war in France on the 14 November 1915 and he died of wounds on the 18 August 1916, aged 21 years. He is buried in Daours Communal Cemetery, France. He was awarded the Military Medal, 1914-15 Star, British Medal and Victory Medal.
He is the son of Robert Schofield Hopwood Woolfenden and Lillie Bell.

PS/7907 Private Frank Woolfenden of the Royal Fusiliers.
He survived the war and was awarded the British and Victory Medals.
He is the son of James Henry Woolfenden and Eva Salkeld.

8983 Private Edward Woolfenden of the Manchester Regiment who was transferred to the Royal Defence Corps with service number 89171. He survived the war and was awarded the 1914-15 Star, British Medal and Victory Medal.
He is the son of Joseph Woolfenden and Emma Taylor.
PS/5969 Private Ronald Woolfenden MM of the 20th Battalion, Royal Fusiliers.
Second Lieutenant Russell Willis who served with the 3rd Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment but was attached to the 1st Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment.

He was killed in action on the 25 October 1914, aged 19 years, and was buried in the Pont-du-Hem Military Cemetery, France. Grave Ref. X.G.3.

Lieutenant Willis was part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and he disembarked in France on the 30 September 1914. He was posthumously awarded the 1914 Star (Mons Star), British Medal and Victory Medal.

He was the son of William Willis and Anne Maria Lightfoot of Dawlish Road, Wallasey, Cheshire, but he was born in Denton, Manchester, in 1894. William Willis was the headmaster of the Russell Scott Memorial School in Denton for many years.
295206 Petty Officer Stoker Elijah Stopford of the Royal Navy ship H.M.S. Circe.

He was drowned in the North Sea near Aberdeen on the 8 December 1915, aged 33 years, and is buried in Hyde Cemetery.

He was the son of John and Sarah Stopford. His home was on George Street West, Hyde, Cheshire (no longer extant), where his wife, Maria Stopford née Oldham, and young son, Wilfred, lived.

H.M.S. Circe was built in 1892 as a torpedo boat and by the outbreak of war she had been converted into a mine sweeper. She was one of five ships in the Alarm Class, the other four being Speedy, Hebe, Jason and Leda.
Standing, Alexander 'Alex' Whitehead, son of James Whitehead and Jane Whiteley of Bradford, Manchester.

2835 (then 300620) Private Alexander Whitehead served with the 1/8th Battalion of the Manchester Regiment. He enlisted on the 25 September 1914 and he was one of the very few to serve throughout the Great War and survive.

He was awarded the 1914-15 Star, British Medal and Victory Medal.

The identity of the seated soldier is unknown. His regiment is unknown and it is not known if he survived.
A corporal and private serving with the Manchester Regiment, both of whom are unidentified.

Their fate is unknown.
Two soldiers serving with the South Lancashire Regiment. The seated soldier is Albert Braddock of Manchester, but the identity of the other soldier is unknown.

Both were professional soldiers and this photograph was taken prior to the outbreak of the war while they were serving in India. It was taken by N D Batra at Quetta.

15195 (then 3644831) Private Albert Braddock also fought in the Great War and he was awarded the British Medal. In 1919 he was also awarded a medal for serving on the North West Frontier in India.

The fate of the unidentified soldier is unknown.
An unidentified serjeant serving with the Manchester Regiment.

He was a professional soldier and this photograph was taken prior to the outbreak of the war while he was serving in India. It was taken by S. Dhundjeebhoy at Trimulgherry.

As a professional soldier, it is possible that he was in the British Expeditionary Force (the Old Contemptibles), which went to France shortly after the commencement of hostilities.

His fate is unknown.
201627 Private George Norman H 'Norman' Watson who served with the 3/4th Battalion of the Leicestershire Regiment.

Aged 19 years, he enlisted at Leicester on Tuesday, 12th October 1915 and on Fri, 22nd October 1915 he was posted to Belton Park for basic training.

He was awarded the British Medal and Victory Medal.

He survived the war in spite of being wounded and sent back to the front.
A group of soldiers serving with 'B' Company of the 1/6th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment).

Back row, left to right: Alfred Arnold Simpson, Joseph Wainwright Waterhouse, George Barnes, James Edward Hamer, and Christopher Niven.

Middle row, left to right: Albert Richardson, George Henry Waterhouse, Harry Gordon Benstead and Joseph Barnes.

Front row: Crouching, Arthur Marchington, and, seated, the gentleman with whom they were billeted.

It is likely that the photograph was taken somewhere in Luton in late September or early October 1914 before the 1/6th Battalion left for France in February 1915.
Commemorative photograph for Private Edgar Wilks Thorp, who was killed in action at Gallipoli on the 15 October 1915, aged 36 years.

22961 Private Edgar Wilks Thorp, 9th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), son of John and Lavinia Thorp of Shipley, Yorkshire, husband of Ann Thorp née Longson of Brierley Green, Bugsworth. Buried at Green Hill Cemetery, Turkey, Reference I.C.1.

From left to right, Edgar, Elizabeth, Phyllis, Marion, Joseph, Gladys, May, Leslie (in his mother's arms) and Ann, widow of Edgar Wilks Thorp.

The couple were married in the Chapel-en-le-Frith District in 1905.