« Back

Artefacts from Denton Colliery

Miner's Safety Lamp
The safety lamp shown below was manufactured by Richard Johnson, Clapham & Morris Ltd of Manchester.

This company was founded in c.1814 and it became a public company in 1891. Their works was at Newton Heath, Manchester. It had an office in Dale Street, Manchester, before moving to Lever Street and then to Trafford Park. Initially, there was also an office in Liverpool and with the passage of time offices were opened in other towns. The company manufactured a wide range of wire products as well as tinplate, sheet metal, corrugated iron and brass and bronze founding as well as miners’ safety lamps. There is possibly a connection with Richard Johnson & Nephew Ltd of Bradford, Manchester. The company was still in business in 1961 but in the 1950s it stopped making safety lamps when this side of the business was transferred to the Protector Lamp Company of Eccles.

It also known that W E Teale & Co Ltd of Swinton, Lancashire, provided safety lamps for use at Denton Colliery, each one being supplied with a numbered brass miner's check. William Edward Teale manufactured Mueseler type safety lamps, the design of which originated in Belgium.

Steel rail from an underground mine gallery
The flat-bottomed rail, shown below, rested directly on wooden sleepers to which it was fastened by spikes with offset heads. It is 6 feet long × 1⅜ inches wide across the flat bottom × 2 inches high. The tread is ¾ inch wide × about ¾ inch high.

There are three holes in the web (enlarged due to corrosion), one in the centre and one at each end. The end holes suggest that rails were fastened to each other by means of a fishplate having two bolt holes. The purpose of the central hole is uncertain unless it was for a tie connected to the opposite rail.

Rail

Rail profile

Side view

Side view showing central slot

Miner's Lamp Check, No. 56, & Horse Buckle
The buckle was part of the horse tack used at the colliery.

Share Certificate.
Denton Colliery Co Ltd, certificate for 20 £5 A Shares, dated 24 Jul 1913.

« Back