Ashton Canal

Decline of trade between 1931 & 1957

The following details about trade on the Ashton Canal were obtained from original canal tally sheets, the whereabouts of which, or even if they still exist, being unknown.

The main carrier was James Hall (Note 1James Hall was a native of Bugsworth, Derbyshire, where he was a boatman. In 1900 he married Mary Ann ‘Polly’ Smith and shortly afterwards he moved to Droylsden where he established a canal-carrying business. The 1911 census shows that he lived at Watermans Inn, Fairfield Locks (Ashton Canal), Droylsden, where his wife was the Inn Keeper. By this time the couple had two daughters, Maud (born in 1902 and Ivy (born in 1904). The 1911 census also records that James Hall Senior was moored nearby on his boat, Harry, which was used for carrying lime.

It is believed that he operated about 30 boats, all of which were probably second hand. Three boats were named after members of his family, namely, Polly (wife's name), Ivy (daughter’s name) and Maud (daughter’s name). Another boat called Retaliation was eventually abandoned in one of the double locks at Fairfield in c.1942 and this is possibly about the time that the business closed. However, there are records of him carrying coal for Bradford Colliery up to May 1944 but using two boats owned by the colliery company. The last of his boats to survive were Maud and Ivy, which were sunk on the towpath side of the canal adjacent to where the Watermans Inn once stood. Both of these boats were broken up in c.1972 during restoration of the Ashton Canal. A brass water pump from Ivy was rescued and presented to the Ellesmere Port Boat Museum by the Peak Forest Canal Society. This is now the National Boat Museum in the care of the Canal & River Trust.

Acknowledgement: J Pitman
) and others were T Hassall, J Roscoe & Co Ltd (Note 2Roscoe's Coal Yard and Wharf was situated on Meadow Street Wharfs, Piccadilly, Manchester, on the Lower Branch of the Ashton Canal.), West Leigh Carrying Company, Manchester Ship Canal Company, E J Schofield and Simpson Davies & Son. Cargoes of coal, shale, soda ash, lime ash, acid, cullet, cotton, wheat, tea and timber were mainly short hauled from the Rochdale Canal in Manchester to various wharfs on the Ashton Canal as well as to Marple and New Mills on the Peak Forest Canal. Totals for the four years covered were:

Tonnage carried on the Ashton Canal, 1931 to 1934
YearTonnageIncome
193123,077£616
193225,007£691
193323,264£661
193421,195£621

By far, the major traffic was coal, which accounted for around 25% of the total tonnage. This was mainly carried from Bradford Colliery to unidentified locations on the Rochdale Canal, although considerable quantities were also carried to Piercy Street (Note 3Piercy Street was situated in Ancoats, Manchester, between Mill Street and the Ashton Canal The only cotton mill actually on Piercy Street was Phoenix Mill but there were numerous mills, including a silk mill, and engineering works in the vicinity.), Edge Lane (Note 4Edge Lane forms the boundary between Openshaw and Droylsden, which was a heavily industrialised area.) and Hollins Mill at Marple (Note 5Hollins Mill was situated on a private branch of the Peak Forest Canal at Marple, between locks 12 and 13.). Over the period, Hollins Mill also took delivery of 1,200 tons of raw cotton from Manchester Docks via the Rochdale Canal.

Edge Lane also took delivery of large quantities of soda ash, shale and lime ash. The soda ash would be destined for some of the many chemical works in the Clayton area and it is likely that the shale and lime ash went to a road-stone works. In 1934, 4,390 tons of coal out of a total of 5,508 tons was consigned to Edge Lane and, curiously, most of this came by way of the Rochdale Canal and not, as might be expected, from the nearby Bradford Colliery.

Timber was mainly delivered to Southern's Timber Yard (Note 6Southern's Timber Yard and Wharf was adjacent to Store Street Aqueduct, Piccadilly, Manchester.) at Piccadilly, Manchester, although in 1932, 10 tons was delivered to an unidentified location at Reddish on the Stockport Branch Canal.

In 1934, T Hassall carried some 1,634 tons of salt to an unidentified destination simply recorded as a warehouse, while cargo described as shale and dirt (Note 7Shale and dirt from the Bradford Private Branch was waste from Bradford Colliery produced as new underground galleries were being dug to provide access to coal seams. This may also have been augmented by furnace waste from the adjacent wire works of Richard Johnson and Nephew.

The absence of large slag heaps around Bradford Colliery indicates that waste produced there was constantly being removed from the area.
) was sent from the Bradford Private Branch to an unidentified location on the Stockport Branch Canal. Lastly, 297 tons of cullet (Note 8Cullet is broken or waste glass for recycling. It was delivered to J E Dalton & Co at Albion Mill, Newtown, New Mills, where it was used in the manufacture of emery and glass cloth, etc.) was carried from Whittles Croft Wharf (Note 9Whittles Croft Wharf was in a triangle of land bounded by the Ashton and Rochdale Canals and Great Ancoats Street. In the 19th century, this wharf included a canal warehouse and Store Street Mills, both of which had an associations with the Manchester, Sheffield and Lincolnshire Railway Company.), Piccadilly, Manchester, to New Mills.

These glimpses of traffic on the Ashton Canal and its branches, at a time when its commercial life was rapidly drawing to a close are tantalisingly brief but, nevertheless, they do provide an insight into what it must have been like in more halcyon days.

The maximum tonnage carried on the Ashton Canal, including its branches, was 514,241 tons and this occurred in 1838. By 1905 this had dwindled by around 53% to 241,176 tons. The inexorable reduction in traffic on the branches of the Ashton Canal was echoed on the comparatively short main line. Worsening maintenance standards, the ever-widening railway network, the development of road transport and the payment of uneconomical wages all had an effect. Unfortunately, there is a gap in the records between 1905 and 1930 to show the pattern of decline over that tumultuous period.

Later, tonnages carried on the Ashton, Peak Forest and Macclesfield Canals (collectively known as the Western Canal) were no longer provided separately, possibly in an attempt to mask the parlous situation that any one canal was actually in. The combined tonnages carried on the three canals for the period 1933 to 1957 are reproduced below:

Tonnage carried on the Western Canal, 1933 to 1957
YearTonnageYearTonnage
193349,764194611,620
193446,37819477,919
193545,0041948Unavailable
193646,48919498,087
193735,16719503,740
193833,12719513,600
1939Unavailable19522,715
194028,93219532,204
194124,6241954761
194220,4941955457
194326,1031956170
194426,048195717
194518,458